Eczema comprises a group of conditions that cause the skin to inflame. The typical work path for Eczema is for the baby’s skin to become itchy, red and dry- even to the point of being cracked. The condition appears on any part of the body. However, for eczema in babies, the chief spots are the face, neck, elbows, wrists, groin, knees, and ankles.
How To Discover Your Baby Has Eczema?
You would have to be sure that the skin condition on your baby is Eczema. There are tell-tale signs to help you with this determination. Again in the case of babies, Eczema appears as patches of red or dry skin. The skin is almost always itchy and rough, too. It might be easy to confuse Eczema with another skin infection called cradle cap. However, the latter condition is generally less scaly and red. Also, cradle cap usually clears up by eight months of age and appears on fewer spots in the body.
Causes Of Eczema In Babies
One of the ways of discovering if your baby has Eczema is by knowing the root causes of the condition. These causes are as follows:
1. Hereditary factors: If the skin condition runs in the family, the chances are high that your baby may contract Eczema.
2. Eczema may occur when there are problems or breaches on the skin. These breaching often allows germs and moisture into inner layers of the skin, thereby raising the possibility of developing the skin condition.
3. Eczema may also occur if your baby produces too few fatty cells called ceramides. A deficiency of these cells means your baby’s skin loses water and becomes dry.
Symptoms Of Eczema In Babies
The signs and symptoms of Eczema vary during the early stages of a child’s life. Between two and six months of age, babies with eczema often develop itchy, dry, red skin and small bumps on their cheeks, forehead, or scalp.
You should also notice circular, slightly raised, itchy, and scaly rashes on elbow points, or the backs of the wrists and ankles.
Your baby will almost always react to the skin condition by seeking relief from the irritation by rubbing the itching areas with a hand or anything within reach. However, you should help your baby get assistance other than from scratching, which only worsens the condition of the skin.
Tips To Get Fast Relief From Eczema In Babies
One of the ways to go in preventing the condition from flaring up, the following actionable steps come in handy:
- Turn to warm water with mild soaps or nonsoap cleansers when bathing your baby.
- Do not use scented soaps.
- You can get your physician to recommend using oatmeal soaking products in the bath to help control the itching.
- Do not engage in excessive scrubbing and toweling after bathing your child. You should instead pat your child’s skin dry gently.
- Avoid dressing your child in harsh clothing, such as wool or coarsely woven materials. Select dresses that allow your baby’s skin to “breathe,” such as those made from cotton.
- Endeavor to apply moisturizing ointments (such as petroleum jelly), lotions, or creams to your child’s skin regularly. Perform this process within a few minutes of bathing, after a very light towel dry.
- Turn to cool compresses (such as a wet, cool washcloth) and apply on the irritated areas of skin to ease itching.
- Ensure your baby has short fingernails. This will minimize any form of skin damage that can be caused by scratching.
- Keep your baby from scratching at night with the use of comfortable, light gloves worn on the hands.
- Keep your baby from becoming overheated, which can lead to flare-ups.
- With the help of a medical professional, eliminate any known allergens/triggers such as certain foods, dust, or pet dander that may precipitate the condition.
- Encourage your child to drink lots of water daily. This action adds moisture to the skin.
While Eczema proves unsettling for both infant and parent, the condition is treatable. The caregiver must follow strict hygiene standards and help the child cope as best as possible with the condition.